Partnership for the Conservation of Amazon Biodiversity (PCAB)

The Amazon covers almost half of the Brazilian territory: 4.1 million km² - approximately 1.6 million mi². Over 30,000 plant species and 2 million animal species can be found in the forest. In addition, the region is home to half of the country`s indigenous populations and 89.5% of the recognized indigenous lands, plus 357 quilombola communities (settlements founded by runaway slaves), and hundreds of traditional communities, including rubber tappers, Brazil nut gatherers, riverine groups, and Land Reform settlers.

However, all this wealth in endangered. The forest has lost over 18% of its area to deforestation. Protected areas account for 33% of the Amazon, including indigenous lands and Protected Areas (21% and 12%, respectively).

In 2014, USAID/Brazil signed a technical cooperation agreement with the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) for the creation of the Partnership for the Conservation of Amazon Biodiversity (PCAB). The objective is to strategically support the Brazilian government’s conservation efforts in the region. USAID supports projects from seven organizations with a track record in the Amazon. These organizations implement their activities through a network of local partners.

The PCAB has three lines of work: reinforcing Brazilian government actions for the conservation of priority protected areas; supporting national policy for territorial and environmental management of indigenous lands; and using science, technology and innovation to improve biodiversity conservation practices. The five-year partnership began in 2016. 

Learn more about the projects and partners in the Project section.

Theory of Change

Teoria da Mudança